Directorate of Human Resources- Army Substance Abuse Program

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Fort Leonard Wood- Army Substance Abuse Program
Bldg. 470, Room 1105
(573)596-0938

Welcome to the Army Substance Abuse Program's (ASAP) website. ASAP is responsible for providing guidance and leadership on all non-clinical alcohol and other drug policy issues; developing, establishing, administering, and evaluating non-clinical alcohol and other drug (AOD) abuse prevention, education, and training programs; overseeing the Military, Drug Free Workplace and biochemical testing programs.

Prevention Education and Resource Library | Drug Testing Program (Biochemical) Description | Risk Reduction Program | Employee Assistance Program (EAP) | Counseling Center (ASAP Clinical) | Unit Prevention Leaders

Goal

The primary goal of the ASAP website is to provide Soldiers, commanders, Unit Prevention Leaders (UPL) and all other members of the Army community with an informative, user-friendly online environment. Those utilizing the site have access to a multitude of information on our Biochemical Testing Programs, Risk Reduction Program (RRP), Soldier Assistance Program (SAP), Employee Assistance Program (EAP), alcohol and drug abuse prevention training materials, as well as general information about our Agency.

Feedback

We at ASAP urge you, our customer, to provide us with your comments and feedback, as your opinion is imperative to us providing you with the most useful and current alcohol and other drug information.

Prevention Education and Resource Library
Suicide Prevention Training

Purpose

To provide commanders, Unit Prevention Leaders (UPLs), Soldiers, DA civilians, contractors and family members the education and training necessary to make informed decisions about alcohol and other drug use, to provide commanders the resources and tools to meet their annual four (4) hours of alcohol and other drug awareness training requirement IAW AR 600-85, and provide prevention tools to deter substance abuse.

Objectives

  • Provide at least one hour per year of prevention education conducted by ASAP Professionals for each unit.
  • Provide up to date information on drug and alcohol trends affecting military communities.
  • Provide training materials and resources for commanders and UPLs to utilize in training.
  • Provide the community a resource for drug and alcohol information.
  • Provide alcohol and other drug abuse prevention products to Military communities.

The ASAP library is available for any authorized patron to sign out materials for training in units or even in the family.

The Army Center for Substance Abuse Programs (ACSAP) Prevention and Training (P&T) Branch develops, establishes, administers, and evaluates alcohol and other drug abuse prevention education and training programs. ACSAP has training packages available on its website as well as links to many resources on the web. ACSAP Training Resource Page

Drug Testing Program (Biochemical) Description:

The Army Biochemical Testing Program encompasses the Active Army, National Guard and the Army Reserve. The program is a command program, composed of the Soldier, the commander, the Unit Prevention Leader (UPL), the Army Substance Abuse Program (ASAP) staff, the Forensic Toxicology Drug Testing Laboratories (FTDTL), the Medical Review Officer, and the Staff Judge Advocate. The program has three primary goals. First, to deter Soldiers from abusing drugs (including illegal drugs and other illicit drugs). Second, as a tool for commanders to assess the security, military fitness, good order and discipline of their commands. Third, to serve as a basis to take appropriate action, adverse or other (including referral for treatment), with a Soldier based on a positive test result.

Army Policy

In accordance with AR 600-85, Army Substance Abuse Program, drug abuse will not be tolerated and there are serious consequences for such misbehavior.

  • a. All Soldiers, to include ARNG and USAR Soldiers ordered to AD, under Title 10, U.S. Code, who are identified as drug abusers, without exception, will-
    • 1. Be referred to the ASAP counseling center for screening.
    • 2. Be considered for disciplinary action under the UCMJ, as appropriate.
    • 3. Be processed for administrative separation in accordance with AR 600-8-24 (for officers and warrant officers) and AR 635-200 (for enlisted personnel).

  • b. Discharge for misconduct under AR 600-8-24 or AR 635-200, as appropriate, will be initiated and processed to the separation authority for all Soldiers involved in illegal trafficking, distribution, possession, use, or sale of illegal drugs. Soldiers will also be considered for disciplinary action under the UCMJ, consistent with Chapter 6, AR 600-85 and Rule for Courts Martial 306, MCM.
  • c. All ARNG and USAR Soldiers ordered to AD will be tested for illegal drug abuse at their reception station.
  • d. The ingestion of hemp seed oil or products made with hemp seed oil is prohibited.

Risk Reduction Program

Purpose

The purpose of the risk reduction program is to reduce high-risk behavior in Soldiers.

Objectives

  • Train leaders in identifying and reducing high risk factors
  • Identify and target high risk behaviors for prevention
  • Promote risk reduction as a prevention strategy
  • Prevent unhealthy and destructive behaviors
  • Increase Soldier and unit readiness

What is the Risk Reduction Program?

  • Risk Reduction Program is a Commander's Program that is visually presented as a target which depicts 14 high risk behaviors.
  • High risk behavior rates are displayed on a shot group. Rates in the red ring could indicate the problem areas.
  • From this the commander can decide which action to take to solve the behavioral problems.
  • The program focuses on effective use of installation resources and coordinates effort between agencies utilizing the Installation Prevention Team to implement effective interventions.

Risk Reduction Benefits

  • Targets problem areas
  • Provides ongoing needs assessments
  • Promotes informed decision-making about prevention and design and delivery
  • Strengthens collaboration with installation Prevention Team

Employee Assistance Program (EAP)

Purpose

  • To help employees in identifying and resolving personal problems that may effect their job performance and well-being.
  • To help employees in identifying and resolving personal problems that may effect their job performance and well-being.
  • To assist management in addressing productivity issues.
  • To promote installation work./life/wellness programs.

Objectives

  • All new DAC employees are promptly trained on the availability of EAP services.
  • All supervisors of civilian employees receive training on the signs and symptoms of substance abuse and how and when to make proper use of EAP service. Annual training be conduct for 33% of assigned supervisors.
  • The purpose and availability of EAP services are actively promoted and publicized throughout the year.
  • Annual training on such topics as stress management, EAP services, prevention's of violence in the workplace etc, be conducted for at least 20% of the civilian workforce.

Abstract/Overview

The U.S. Army has an Employee Assistance Program (EAP), which is designed to provides free, confidential services, to include; screening to identify the employee's problem, short-term counseling and, when appropriate, a referral to a facility or program (within or outside the Army) that can assist the employee in resolving his or her problem(s). It is the employee's responsibility to follow through with this referral, and to make the necessary financial arrangements for this treatment, as with any other medical condition. Participation in the EAP is voluntary and, ultimately, it is the employee's decision to participate or not.

EAP services are available for employees who have a substance abuse problem, who are seeking help or whose drug test has been verified positive.

In addition to substance abuse problems, the Army EAPs provide comprehensive short-term counseling and referral services to help employees achieve a balance between their work, family, and other personal responsibilities. Job effectiveness can be adversely affected when employees are faced with mental or emotional problems, family responsibilities, financial or legal difficulties, or dependent (child/elder) care needs. EAP services can be extremely important in the prevention of, and intervention in, workplace violence incidents.

Managers and supervisors are urged to become familiar with the EAP referral process and to make referrals and/or recommend to employees that they seek help through the installation EAP.

Public Laws 96-180 and 96-181 authorized Federal agencies to provide short-term counseling services, to the extent feasible, to employees and their family members who have substance abuse problems. Public Law 99-570,The Federal Employee Substance Abuse Education and Treatment Act of 1986, and title 5 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 792, require Federal agencies to establish appropriate prevention, treatment, and rehabilitative programs and services for alcohol and drug abuse problems for Federal civilian employees.

Executive Order 12564 requires Federal agencies to establish drug-free Federal workplace programs, including an Employee Assistance Program (EAP) as an essential element in achieving a drug-free workforce. Agencies must refer all employees found to be using illegal drugs to the EAP for assessment, short-term counseling, and referral for treatment or rehabilitation, as appropriate. Confidentiality is the corner stone of an effective EAP. Employee confidence in the competence and trustworthiness of the EAP staff plays a key role in program success. EAP staff must be familiar with the provisions of the Privacy Act ( 5 U.S.C. 552a(b)) as well as the Alcohol and Drug Patient Confidentiality Regulation provisions contained in 42 CFR. Part 2.

The promotion of EAP services is crucial. Methods used most frequently to promote the EAP include: e-mail messages to employees; new employee orientation programs; EAP publicity at installation health fairs; supervisory handbooks; lunchtime awareness programs, special briefing and seminars for managers, employees, union stewards, installation leadership.

EAP Services to Employees and Supervisors

  • Assessment, problem identification, and short-term counseling/intervention.
  • Referral for treatment and rehabilitation to appropriate community counseling/treatment resources.
  • Follow-up services to aid an employee in achieving an effective readjustment to his or her job after treatment.
  • Training and education for supervisors and employees about alcohol and drugs.

EAP Service to Installation Organization

  • Training and consultation for supervisors and managers on how and when to make proper use of EAP services for improving employee performance and conduct.
  • Consultation to management about trends in employee needs, work groups, and related concerns dealing with work/life/ wellness support programs.

Counseling Center (ASAP Clinical)
(573) 596-0119

FAQs for Commanders

What is the Army Substance Abuse Program?

The Army Substance Abuse Program, or ASAP, is a comprehensive program, which combines prevention, treatment, and disciplinary actions designed to strengthen the overall fitness and effectiveness of the Army and to enhance the combat readiness of its personnel and units by eliminating alcohol and/or other drug abuse.

What is the unit commander's role in the ASAP?

Unit commanders must observe their Soldiers' behavior and intervene early to identify possible alcohol and/or other drug abusers, refer these Soldiers for evaluation by trained medical personnel, recommend enrollment in treatment programs, and when appropriate, process Soldiers for separation.

What specifically must a unit commander do?

There are basically three major actions a unit commander must accomplish: First, a organization team must be appointed to conduct the unit's ASAP activities; second, a unit biochemical testing program must be established; and third, prevention and education initiatives must be implemented.

a. The unit commander must appoint a Unit Prevention Leader (UPL) to design and implement the unit prevention plan, administer the unit biochemical testing program, visit the IBCP monthly to receive any distribution and keep the commander informed of trends in alcohol and other drug abuse in the unit.

b. The biochemical testing program facilitates early identification of alcohol, and/or other drug abuse in the unit and enables commanders to assess the security, military fitness, and good order and discipline of their units. Commanders work with the installation Alcohol and Drug Control Officer (ADCO) and Installation Biochemical Testing Coordinator (IBTC) to test the Soldiers at the rate of two random samples per Soldier per year, per USAREUR policy.

c. Unit commanders must take measures, which deter and reduce the abuse or misuse of alcohol and other drugs to the lowest extent possible through education, community involvement, and the de-glamorization of alcohol.

What is the single greatest key to ASAP success?

Actions taken to prevent, deter, and reduce alcohol and other drug abuse are the single greatest keys to ASAP success. At each post or installation, the ADCO will develop an Installation Prevention Plan, which the unit commander can access for information, programs, and ideas. While there are many forms of prevention strategies available, unit commanders should provide education and training to Soldiers on the effects and consequences of alcohol and other drug abuse, along with the treatment services, which are available at the installation. Commanders must also take steps to deglamorize alcohol and ensure that alcohol is never the focus of any event.

What assets outside the organization does the unit commander have to assist in ASAP activities?

ASAP is a command program with numerous resources available to assist the commander. These include:

  • Installation Alcohol and Drug Control Officer (ADCO): The ADCO provides the unit commander with ASAP consultation to assist in the identification and referral of individuals suspected of alcohol and/or other drug abuse.
  • Installation Prevention Coordinator (PC): The PCs promote ASAP services, provide prevention education services and oversee the training of UPLs.
  • Installation Biochemical Testing Coordinator (IBTC) Serves as the installation subject matter expert on urinalysis collection and testing, augments the installation Inspector General inspection teams, ensures that unit urine collections are performed as required, provides technical assistance and support the UPL certification training program and advises unit commanders and ADCOs on program utilization and test results.
  • Clinical Services: The local Medical Treatment Facility provides the unit commander with a wide variety of clinicians to screen, evaluate, and treat alcohol and/or other drug abusers.

What process should be followed if a unit commander suspects a Soldier of alcohol and/or other drug abuse?

If a unit commander suspects a Soldier of alcohol and/or other drug abuse (e.g. the chain of command has noticed unusual or aberrant behavior by the Soldier), the commander should counsel the Soldier and determine whether professional evaluation by ASAP clinical personnel is appropriate or if the Soldier should simply be returned to duty. If clinical evaluation is deemed appropriate, the unit commander will refer the Soldier to the ASAP clinic. If treatment is warranted the clinic will perform a bio-psychosocial assessment, and in conjunction with the unit commander, form a rehabilitation team to determine a treatment plan. (Note: MTF commander has final authority on the treatment plan, not the unit commander. If the unit commander disagrees with the treatment decision, the first Colonel in the Soldier's chain of command may be called upon to intercede with the MTF commander.) At this point the unit commander must evaluate the entire record of the Soldier (e.g. overall performance of duty, previous disciplinary actions, etc.) to determine if the Soldier has potential for further military service. If the unit commander thinks the Soldier has potential, the commander will flag the records of the Soldier and await the outcome of treatment. If no potential exists for future service (e.g. other disciplinary problems limit the Soldier's potential even if treatment would be successful) the unit commander must flag the Soldier's record and begin separation processing.

What does the unit commander do when notified that a Soldier has registered a positive drug test?

When a unit commander is notified that a Soldier has registered a positive drug test, the type of drug identified determines the unit commander's actions. If the drug is either marijuana, PCP, Cocaine, or LSD the commander will advise the Soldier of legal rights, show the evidence to the Soldier, consider UCMJ action, initiate flagging action and separation processing simultaneously, and refer the Soldier to the ASAP clinic. If the drug is an opiate, barbiturate, morphine, codeine, or amphetamine, the commander will refer the Soldier to a Medical Review Officer (MRO) who will speak with the Soldier to determine if there were any medical reasons (e.g. prescribed medication, oral surgery, etc..) which would indicate the drug was legally used by the Soldier. If illegal drug use is determined , called a "verified positive drug test", the unit commander will take the same actions which would have been taken had the drug been illegal.

What does the unit commander do when notified that a Soldier has registered a positive drug test?

When a unit commander is notified that a Soldier has registered a positive drug test for illegal drugs or illicit use of prescription drugs, the commander must show the evidence to the Soldier, consider UCMJ action, initiate flagging action and separation processing simultaneously, and refer the Soldier to the ASAP clinic. For a second positive test in a career the Soldier must be separated unless the first general officer in the chain of command or an administrative separation board recommends retention.

Unit Prevention Leaders

Unit Prevention Leaders (UPLs)

As the Unit Prevention Leader you are expected to be the commander's subject matter expert on all areas within the Army Substance Abuse Program (ASAP), conduct flawless urinalysis collections, provide alcohol and other illicit drugs training to the unit, and assist the commander in running his/her drug testing and prevention programs.

UPL's Responsibilities:

  • Administer the unit biochemical-testing program.
  • Assist in the briefing of all new unit personnel regarding ASAP policies and services.
  • Develop, coordinate, and deliver informed prevention education and training to the unit.
  • Advise and assist unit leaders on all matters pertaining to the ASAP.
  • Maintain liaison with the servicing ASAP counseling center or medical unit when deployed.
  • Inform the commander of the status of the ASAP and of trends in alcohol and other drug abuse in the unit.
  • Design, implement, and evaluate the unit prevention plan, and coordinate with the installation's PC to integrate the unit plan into the community's substance abuse prevention plan.
  • Develop command support for prevention activities by establishing an open, honest, and trusting relationship with the unit commanders and subordinate leaders.

Resources

AR 600-85

DA Pam 600-85

iSalute Link Interactive Customer Evaluation